RENEXPO® Western Balkans vas poziva da uzmete učešće na treningu Održivi regionalni lanci snabdevanja drvnim gorivima koji je deo ovogodišnjih aktivnosti na BioRES Projektu koji je finansiran od strane programa EU Horizon 2020.
ŠTA ĆETE SAZNATI?
Na treningu ćete biti upoznati sa: potencijalima korišćenja drvne biomase, metodama rada sa zainteresovanim stranama, kao i mogućnostima razvoja. Takođe, saznaćete sve o najnovijim standardima kvaliteta uključujući EU Uredbu o drvetu.
KAD I GDE?
Trening: Održivi regionalni lanci snabdevanja drvnim gorivima biće održan u četvrtak, 21. aprila 2016. godine od 09:30 - 13:00 kao deo programa ovogodišnjeg RENEXPO® Western Balkans od 20. do 21. aprila u Belexpocentru u Beogradu.
Nacionalnom Asocijacijacijom za biomasu SERBIOu saradnji sa RENEXPO® Western Balkans. http://www.renexpo-belgrade.com/index.php?id=520&L=0
Hrvatska je na slučaju projekta TEKI pokazala da kroz institucije i kompanije u svom vlasništvu opstruira projekte, tvrde Holanđani.
Hrvatsko Ministarstvo privrede nedavno je dobilo obaveštenje holandskog ulagača Amlin Holdinga da pred Evropskim sudom pokreće tužbu protiv Hrvatske i traži obeštećenje zbog blokiranja njihovog ulaganja u gradnju termoelektrane na biomasu u Koprivničkom Ivancu.
Reč je o projektu koji je pod imenom "TEKI", Amlin pokrenuo još 2009. godine, a bili su podstaknuti i pozivima Hrvatske da je otvorena za ulaganja u "zelenu energiju", pišu regionalni mediji.
Elektrana je trebalo da bude jedna od najvećih na biomasu u Hrvatskoj, kapaciteta 20 mega vati, u koju je predviđeno ulaganje 85 miliona evra, a trebalo je da otvori 150 novih radnih mesta. Međutim, od samog početka projekat je nailazio na blokade, od lokalnih do državnih nivoa. Preko kompanije koju su osnovali u Hrvatskoj, E2G, za šest godina uloženo je više od 8 miliona evra u kupovinu zemljišta za pogon i dobijanje potrebnih lokacijskih i građevinskih dozvola, kao i ostale dokumentacije za projekat.
Prve opstrukcije i promene regulative počele su sa tenderom za kupovinu biomase od Hrvatskih šuma, koja je jedini dobavljač za 160 hiljada tona potrebne biomase. Borba za ugovor trajala je godinama, jer su konkursi poništavani i prolazili su dugotrajne procedure. 2011. godin su konačno krenuli u realizaciju najvažnijeg dela posla - dobijanje ugovora o otkupu energije (PPA) kojeg potpisuje HROTE. Da bi se to ostvarilo bilo je potrebno prijaviti projekat HERA-i za Prethodno rešenje o sticanju statusa povlašćenog proizvođača energije. Njega je projekat TEKI dobio u proleće 2012. godine, a dva meseca kasnije potpisan je i PPA s HROTE-om.
U priču se uključio i EBRD, koji je pokrenuo proceduru finansiranja projekta. I kada se činilo da projekat kreće prema realizaciji, menjaju se kriterijumi za ugovor za biomasu, tako da je minimalna godišnja efikasnost postrojenja dignuta na 50 odsto, a kako je planirana na 37 odsto, ulagač je morao da promeni koncept elektrane da bi osim struje mogla da isporučuje i toplotnu energiju. Takva prenamena elektrane zahteva i novu lokacijsku dozvolu, nove procene uticaja na okolinu i dokumentaciju za kontrolu prevencije zagađenja. Kako se kasnilo, a curili su rokovi početka izgradnje iz Herinog rešenja, te rokovi iz ugovora za biomasu, ulagač se obraća Ministarstvu privrede.
Apelovao je i EBRD, a u leto 2014. održan je i sastanak u Ministarstvu, ali mesec dana kasnije stiže "hladan tuš" - obaveštenje HROTE-a da je PPA poništen jer je Herino prethodno rešenje o statusu povlašćenog proizvođača isteklo. To poništenje, kako pojašnjava holandski investitor, rezultat je izmene regulative, a rezultat svega je povlačenje EBRD-a i još nekih partnera iz projekta. U međuvremenu je investitor dobio nove dozvole, ali ne i novi PPA.
"Republika Hrvatska je na slučaju projekta TEKI pokazala je da je loš partner stranim investitorima i da je kroz svoje institucije i kompanije u državnom vlasništvu spremna da opstruiše projekte koji donose nova radna mesta, zadovoljavanje ciljeva na području obnovljivih izvora energije i ulaganja desetina miliona evra. Svedoci smo da se ni ulaskom u EU situacija u Hrvatskoj nije promenila, a investiciona klima ostala je izuzetno neuređena, čak bez traga najave da se išta pokušava popraviti ", navode u izjavi za Poslovni dnevnik iz Amlina.
Sve obaveze prema Hrvatskoj, dodaju, uredno su ispunili, a ugroženi "nisu samo poslovni ugovori, nego i Ugovor o promociji i uzajamnoj zaštiti ulaganja između Hrvatske i Holandije.
Izvor: Poslovni dnevnik (b92.net)
Training for the interested participants on supply chains for woody bioenergy
BIORES develops the capacity of the market participants in the local supply chains and provides training for trainers for Biomass Logistic and Trade Centers (BLTC), related to business skills and quality control of woody bioenergy and sustainable forest management.
Within the project there is a study tour and training of trainers (30.11.-4.12.2015) with the aim of visiting BLTC's that represent good practice in Slovenia, Austria and southern Germany, with a workshop related to the transfer of knowledge and technology.
BIORES Training manual provides orientation for the target groups of the project, which are included in the chain of value creation related to woody bioenergy: trainers for woody bioenergy, the potential operators of new biomass logistic and trade centers, private forest owners, consultants for project development , handlers of small power stations and power plants, traders and processors of wood.
The Training manual contains three training modules:
1) Analysis of local market potential (supply and demand) with didactic approaches and motivation
2) Development and implementation of a business model BLTC
3) Quality assurance and verification requirement of sustainability including the EU regulation on wood
The manual was prepared in English and translated into national languages of the countries where the BIORES project is implemented: Bulgaria, Croatia and Serbia.
See more details and download the manual from the following address:
Regional workshop on "How to enhance the use of bioenergy in the Balkans" was held on November 24th and 25th 2015 in the Radisson Blue Hotel in Belgrade, organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of the Republic of Serbia and the German Agency for International Cooperation GIZ and DKTI project - Development of sustainable bioenergy market in Serbia.
The objective of the regional workshop was to allow regional political actors and experts to identify regional priorities for the use of bioenergy in the Balkans, discuss common challenges and necessary activities and / or measures to improve the framework conditions for the use of bioenergy in the region. The workshop brought together representatives of state administration, local governments, and private sector, interested in developing the bioenergy market in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Croatia.
On November 12th 2015 a workshop was held in Priboj: „Sustainable use of biomass and Biomass Logistic Centers“, organized within the project „Sustainable ragional supply chains for woody bioenergy“ BioRes. The objective of the workshop was to gather in one place the relevant entities interested in the processing and use of biomass from the environment of Priboj and Nova Varos, to discuss the establishment and development of the chain of energy supply based on biomass through the establishment of Biomass logistic and trade centers (BLTC), based on examples of good practice and cooperation with European partners. Special attention during the workshop was given to the legal and technical frameworks concerning the establishment of biomass logistic centers. BIORES project supports the establishment of such centers in Serbia, Croatia and Bulgaria.
Under the auspices of the Export Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Economy and Energy, the company Ecleron in cooperation with the Delegation of German Economy in Serbia organized an informative event "Bioenergy in Serbia" on November 10th in the geno-Haus in Stuttgart.
The conference offered a broad, thematic review of the potential of bioenergy in Serbia with an overview of the energy, economic and political situation in Serbia, as well as specific investment opportunities of German companies with practical advice on entering the market.
The President of the National Biomass Association SERBIO was one of the speakers, and more information and an overview presentation can be downloaded here.
On Oktober 26th 2015 a workshop „Sustainable use of biomass and Biomass Logistic Centres“ was held in Zrenjanin, within the project „Sustainable Regional Supply Chains for woody bioenergy“ BioRes. The objective of the workshop was to gather in one place the relevant entities interested in production of woody biomass from Banat, to discuss the establishment and development of the chain of energy supply based on biomass through the establishment of Biomass logistic and trade centers (BLTC), based on examples of good practice and cooperation with European partners. Special attention during the workshop was given to the potentials for establishment of energy plantations, wich were presented by the representatives of the company Rebina Agrar. BIORES project supports the establishment of such centers in Serbia, Croatia and Bulgaria.
Between Oktober 12th and 14th in Novi Sad, the National Biomass Association organized the third meeting of the Steering Committee of the BIORES Project - Regional Sustainable Supply Chains for Woody Bioenergy.
The main topics of the meeting, in addition to administration of the project, were the status of work packages WP2, WP4, WP5 and WP6, a special emphasis is given to the following activities on forming a local consortium for the development of Biomass Logistic and Trade Centers (BLTCs), as well as the upcoming training of trainers and a study trip to Slovenia, Austria and Germany.
After the meeting of the project team, the hosts organized a visit to the National Park Fruska Gora.
The next meeting of the SC will be held in early December in Graz, organized by the Agricultural Chamber of Styria.
On September 10th 2015 in Bajina Basta there was a workshop on "Sustainable use of biomass and Biomass Logistic and Trade Centers (BLTCs)“, jointly organized by two projects aimed at establishing the preconditions for sustainable use of biomass in Serbia.
The project "Sustainable regional supply chain for woody bioenergy" BIORES and the project "Promotion of sustainable use of bioenergy in Zlatibor Area " BIOEN, are pooling their activities and efforts with the aim of a higher quality work and achieving better results.
The intent of the workshop was to gather in one place the relevant entities in the field of biomass production in the region (with a focus on the territory of Uzice, Cajetina and Bajina Basta), to discuss the establishment and development of the supply chain energy sources based on biomass through the establishment of Biomass logistic and trade centers (BLTC), based on examples of good practice and cooperation with European partners. BIORES project supports the establishment of such centers in Serbia, Croatia and Bulgaria, where Western Serbia has been recognized as the location for some of these centers.
Provincial Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources announced, at the end of August, a public call for the study spatial distribution of dedicated public warehouses of agricultural biomass in the territory of AP Vojvodina, and one of the goals of creating this study is what they say for "eKapija" in the Secretariat, the maximum possible utilization of this energy resource.
As explained in the provincial secretariat, the study should, among other things, contribute to establishing the precise manner in which will this warehouse be organized and operated, the locations, in which the warehouses should be, as well as the price and storage capacity.
In the tender documents for the study is stated, that Serbia, as a member of the Energy Community, is tasked to follow the energy policy of the European Union (EU), which, among other things, implies an obligation to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, which, in addition to increasing energy efficiency, implements the use of renewable energy.
Biomass as an underutilized resource
Biomass, as stated in the tender documents, is the greatest potential of renewable energy in Serbia, especially in Vojvodina, where in the northern province is the greatest amount of crop residues available. The question is how to make use of this potential in the best way, in the country or abroad. One task is to open the biomass market, i.e. to connect those who own biomass with those who want to use it. Provincial Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources reviewed the formation of public warehouses for this purpose, one of which is in the final phase, in Apatin.
The construction of the warehouse enabled to perceive the possibilities and shortcomings of items of forming the warehouse and to be given a proposal for the continuation or cessation of activities and seek of new solutions, and the study should contribute to making acceptable and cost-effective solutions.
The aim of the study was to assess the need and the possibility of storage of biomass, primarily crop remains in the AP Vojvodina, with primary purpose of its utilization as a renewable energy source. Warehouses should enable the development of the biomass market and encourage wider use. The study should also identify the needs and opportunities of storage, problems and potential solutions, weighing the operational costs.
As a target group, whom the study is dedicated to, were the Provincial Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources, agricultural enterprises and large farms, family farms, potential investors in power plants with high capacity (heating plants, biogas plants, producers of biofuels, etc.) and the Republic of Serbia defined.
Biomass Warehouses are necessary.
According to Vojislav Milijić, president of the National Biomass Association SERBIO, organized storages of agricultural biomass, whether public or private, are essential for future power plants, heating plants, industrial consumers, but also for other processors of agricultural biomass.
- Storaging agricultural biomass involves separation of larger area, which must be used for that particular purpose. If we bear in mind that agricultural biomass is collected in a short period of time after the harvest, and that it must be stored throughout the year, it is clear that the mere storage area must be large - said Milijić for "eKapija".
He recalls that the Rulebook on fire protection in agriculture (Sl.gl.SFRJ 27/184)still applies, which defines the storage of straw - stack height, wider spacing between the stack and the heap of straw and facilities.
- If we take into consideration the necessary quantities of agricultural biomass, as well as mandatory measures for fire protection, we come to the surface of 5-6 ha for 10,000 tons of straw or more. It is hard to expect that private landowners would be willing to set aside fertile area for storage at no charge. On the other hand, closed storage require large investments. When the foregoing is taken into account, I think that it is a very important initiative to establish a public warehouse for agricultural biomass because it is one of the measures, that could ensure longer the increase of the use of agricultural biomass - says Milijić.
When asked whether such warehouses could be deployed to the rest of Serbia, he said that only Vojvodina has a real potential for using agricultural biomass. He explained, that the use of agricultural biomass to be profitable, it must be mobilized efficiently and cheaply - and that means efficient equipment on flat terrain and large areas. This, he says, can only be achieved in Vojvodina, because of the structure of the land tenure and the characteristics of the terrain. In addition, in Vojvodina there are developed agricultural enterprises, that can easily invest in machinery and implement logistics solutions related to the mobilization of agricultural biomass.
- In other parts of Serbia, we have wood biomass as something that can be used, and warehouses of biomass are certainly needed. The National Biomass Association SERBIO is currently conducting the BIORES project - Regional Sustainable Supply Chains for Woody Bioenergy with several partners from the EU, funded by Horizon 2020 Fund of the European Commission, which aims to establish Biomass Logistic and Trade centers in several municipalities in Serbia - said Milijić.
Talking about the need for public warehouses of agricultural biomass in Serbia, Milijić estimates that they are necessary, but it all depends on where such warehouses are to be established, what kind of areas it will take and how much investment is required for them.
He adds that it is important to ensure the consumption of biomass for energy production - heating plants, power plants and large industrial consumers and indicates that without an increase in the consumption of biomass we can not expect further development.
- In this regard, I consider that, in defining the location of warehouses it is necessary to look at the potential consumers, that intend to replace fossil fuels with biomass. In addition, it is necessary to bear in mind the potential investors in biomass power plants. Of course,the transport of biomass to major customers abroad should also be taken in considerationd, but the longer transport of cheap and bulky goods can hardly pay off - says Milijić.
The significant potential of biomass in Serbia
Speaking about the Serbian potentials in terms of biomass as a resource, Milijić points out that, according to some data, the potential is about 3.3 Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent), of which some 1.7 Mtoe in agriculture and the rest in the timber. However, he adds, whit the the real exploitable potential, the cost of mobilization of biomass must be also taken into consideration, but the potential is significant.
- On the other hand the potential is to a great extent unused or inefficiently used. Serbia has only one heating plant that uses biomass (Sremska Mitrovica, sunflower husk) and only two biomass power plants have an energy agreement, but they are still far from realization. Again, a significant amount of firewood is used inefficiently or it is used for the production of pellet and plywood, which are mainly exported. In the end, instead of using the exported biomass, we import fossil fuels - concludes Milijić.