Heating Plants in Serbia usually use gas and mazut, which are expensive because of the import. In case of problems of supply, eight plants don’t have alternative to gas. A couple of pilot projects shows that biomass could be the cost-effective replacement and heating could be up to 10 percent less than mazut. Serbia provides 23 percent from renewables, with biomass share of 10 percent. That percent could be twice as high when the potential of the land would be used. Out of all the renewables, the biggest opportunities come from biomass.
Last year, Smederevo heating plant switched one boiler room from fuel oil to biomass and halved the fuel costs. They applied for reconstruction of one more which will heat up to 1.000 apartments.
About 86 percent, by the first calculations, we would decrease carbon dioxide emission, in which the we would save up to 37 percent on energent purchasing, says the director of Heating plant in Smederevo, Vladimir Kulagić.
The transition to biomass in the Ministry of Energy Programme includes 15 Power plants. With the support of Germany organization for international cooperation along with “KFV Bank” the first phase of reconstruction five remote systems in Mali Zvornik, Nova Varoš, Novi Pazar, Prijepolje and Bečej is in progress.
Within dfferent project, which is supported by Programme of United nations for development, under construction is six new plants using biomass which will along with heating provide electricity as well. Chamber of Commerce od Serbia the electronic market supply and demand is available as well.